Kolloquien


Kolloquien

Die Gastvorträge im Rahmen des MPQ-Kolloquiums finden von April bis Juli sowie von Oktober bis Januar jeweils dienstags um 14:30 Uhr statt. Verantaltungsort ist der Herbert-Walther-Hörsaal im Foyer des Max-Planck-Instituts für Quantenoptik.

Ansprechpartner für die wissenschaftliche Organisation:

Dr. Stephan Dürr und Dr. Thomas Udem

Wenn Sie einen Vortrag im Livestream verfolgen möchten, ist es nötig, dass Sie sich in eine entsprechende Mailing Liste eintragen. Daraufhin erhalten Sie Instruktionen zum Empfang des Livestreams.

Raum: Hörsaal, Raum B 0.32 / New lecture hall, Room B 0.32

Optimized quantum photonics (Prof. Jelena Vuckovic)

Optimized quantum photonics
At the core of most quantum technologies, including quantum networks and quantum simulators, is the development of homogeneous, long lived qubits with excellent optical interfaces, and the development of high efficiency and robust optical interconnects for such qubits. To achieve this goal, we have been studying color centers in diamond (SiV, SnV) and silicon carbide (VSi in 4H SiC), in combination with novel fabrication techniques, and relying on the powerful and fast photonics inverse design approach that we have developed. [mehr]

SMT: Printing really small, really fast … … and what to do when you are at the end of your rope (Dr. Andreas Dorsel)

SMT: Printing really small, really fast … and what to do when you are at the end of your rope
This talk is intended to provide you with a solid notion of what can be achieved in nano-lithography today, what the present technical limitations are and what we consider at present fundamental boundaries of what may be possible in the future. Carl Zeiss SMT has been active in this field for more than 50 years and its history hence shows some of the technological milestones from the early beginnings of integrated circuits to present-day extreme integration allowing qualitatively new applications of micro- or rather nano-electronics. [mehr]

χ(2) Nanomaterials for Nonlinear Integrated Photonic Devices (Prof. Rachel Grange)

χ(2) Nanomaterials for Nonlinear Integrated Photonic Devices
Nonlinear optics is present in our daily life with many applications, e.g. light sources for microsurgery or green laser pointer. All of them use bulk materials such as glass fibres or crystals. Generating nonlinear effects from materials at the nanoscale can expand the applications to biology as imaging markers or sensors, and to optoelectronic integrated devices. However, nonlinear signals scale with the volume of a material. Therefore, finding nanostructured materials with high nonlinearities to avoid using high power and large interaction length is challenging. Here I will show several strategies to maximize nonlinear optical signals in nano-oxides with noncentrosymmetric crystalline structure and semiconductors. I will demonstrate how we enhance second-harmonic generation (SHG) by using the scattering properties of individual barium titanate (BaTiO3) nanoparticles1, and AlGaAs standing nanodisks2. Our results suggest that a strong increase of the SHG signal can be obtained without using plasmonics or hybrid nanostructures3 [mehr]

Quantum fluids of light in semiconductor lattices (Prof. Jacqueline Bloch)

Quantum fluids of light in semiconductor lattices
When confining photons in semiconductor lattices, it is possible to deeply modify their physical properties. Photons can behave as finite or even infinite mass particles, photons inherit topological properties and propagate along edge states without back scattering, photons can become superfluid and behave as interacting particles. These are just a few examples of properties that can be imprinted into fluids of light in semiconductor lattices. Such manipulation of light presents not only potential for applications in photonics, but is a great promise for fundamental studies. [mehr]

Connecting the Resource Theories of Purity and Coherence (Prof. Dagmar Bruss)

Connecting the Resource Theories of Purity and Coherence
The resource theory of quantum coherence studies the off-diagonal elements of a density matrix in a distinguished basis, whereas the resource theory of purity studies all deviations from the maximally mixed state. A direct connection between the two resource theories is established by identifying purity as the maximal coherence which is achievable by unitary operations. The states that saturate this maximum form a family of maximally coherent mixed states. Furthermore, purity bounds the maximal amount of entanglement and discord that can be generated by unitary operations, thus demonstrating that purity is the most elementary resource for quantum information processing. [mehr]
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