“Ultracold RbCs molecules in magic traps and optical tweezers” (Prof. Simon Cornish)

  • Datum: 01.02.2024
  • Uhrzeit: 17:00
  • Vortragende(r): Prof. Simon Cornish
  • Department of Physics, Durham University, UK
  • Ort: Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics
  • Raum: Herbert Walther Lecture Hall
Ultracold polar molecules are an exciting platform for quantum science and technology. The combination of rich internal structure of vibration and rotation, controllable long-range dipole-dipole interactions and strong coupling to applied electric and microwave fields has inspired many applications. These include quantum simulation of strongly interacting many-body systems, the study of quantum magnetism, quantum metrology and molecular clocks, quantum computation, precision tests of fundamental physics and the exploration of ultracold chemistry. Many of these applications require full quantum control of both the internal and motional degrees of freedom of the molecule at the single particle level.

In Durham, we study ultracold ground-state RbCs molecules formed by associating Rb and Cs atoms using a combination of magnetoassociation and stimulated Raman adiabatic passage [1]. This talk will report our work on the development of full quantum control of the molecules. Specifically, I will explain how we have mastered the ac Stark shift due to the trapping light [2] to demonstrate robust storage qubits in the molecule [3] and will describe the development of magic traps [4] that support second-scale rotational coherences giving access to controllable dipole-dipole interactions [5]. I will also report on new experiments that produce single molecules in optical tweezers starting from a single Rb and a single Cs atom [6]. Using this platform, we prepare the molecules in the motional ground state of the trap and can perform addressing and detection of single molecules [7]. Finally, we demonstrate a new hybrid platform that combines single ultracold molecules with single Rydberg atoms [8], opening a myriad of possibilities.

P.K.Molony et al., “Creation of Ultracold RbCs Molecules in the Rovibrational Ground State”,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 255301 (2014).
P.D.Gregory et al., “ac Stark effect in ultracold polar RbCs molecules”,
Phys. Rev. A 96, 021402(R) (2017).
P.D.Gregory et al., “Robust storage qubits in ultracold polar molecules”,
Nature Physics 17, 1149-1153 (2021).
Q.Guan et al., “Magic conditions for multiple rotational states of bialkali molecules in optical lattices”, Phys. Rev. A 103, 043311 (2021).
P.D.Gregory et al., “Second-scale rotational coherence and dipolar interactions in a gas of ultracold polar Molecules” arXiv:2306.02991
R.V.Brooks et al., “Preparation of one Rb and one Cs atom in a single optical tweezer”,
New J. Physics 23, 065002 (2021).
D.K.Ruttley, A.Guttridge et al., “Formation of ultracold molecules by merging optical tweezers”,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 130, 223401 (2023).
A.Guttridge, D.K.Ruttley et al., “Observation of Rydberg blockade due to the charge-dipole interaction between an atom and a polar molecule”,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 131, 013401 (2023).

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